A crowded fishing boat that one survivor said carried 700 migrants capsized north of Libya overnight, and only a few dozen people were rescued Sunday, raising fears that it could become the deadliest Mediterranean shipwreck disaster.
The capsizing prompted more dismay among exasperated Italian officials, refugee aid officials, agencies, and Pope Francis, all of whom are demanding more European or international action to stop a deadly tide of migration.
Migrants have aimed for Europe’s shores for many years, fleeing war, persecution, and conflict in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. But the turmoil and warfare in Libya has made it easier for smugglers to take to the sea.
This is not the first time immigrant vessels heading to Italy have mysteriously sunk. While no one is accusing Italy of any covert involvement in this sinking, there needs to be a thorough investigation. It is a known fact that Italians wish they never have to deal with the immigrant issue in their country. We can only hope that they are not trying to get rid of the issue before it reaches their shores. Hope is not enough, however. World Governments need to step up and investigate.
Rescuers Sunday were “checking who is alive and who is dead” among the bodies floating on the surface, said Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat, whose tiny Mediterranean nation joined the rescue operations. He called it the “biggest human tragedy of the last few years.”
The 20-meter (66-foot) vessel may have overturned because migrants rushed to one side of the craft late Saturday night when they saw an approaching Portuguese-flagged container ship, the King Jacob, which the Italian Coast Guard had dispatched to help them.
The Coast Guard said at least 28 survivors had been rescued by Sunday morning. Muscat put the number of survivors at 50, and International Organization for Migration spokesman Joel Millman said 49 survived.
“Since the waters of the Mediterranean Sea are not too cold at the moment, the authorities hope to find more survivors,” a statement from Millman said.
The container ship received the Coast Guard’s request to help the migrants at 11 p.m. (2100 GMT) Saturday night “when an overloaded fishing boat was spotted close by the King Jacob’s port side,” according to a statement from a spokesmen for the ship owner.
The crew “immediately deployed rescue boats, gangway, nets, and life rings. Twenty-two people were pulled to safety” and transferred Sunday to Italian coast guard vessels, that statement said.
A United Nations refugee agency spokeswoman, Carlotta Sami, tweeted that according to one survivor, the boat had set out with 700 migrants aboard.
Italian Premier Matteo Renzi summoned his top ministers to a strategy session in Rome Sunday evening, saying that the numbers of dead are still provisional but “are destined to rise.”
“How can it be that we daily are witnessing a tragedy?” Renzi asked.
The smugglers are capitalizing on the migrants’ desperation and taking advantage of chaos and violence in Libya, where rival militias, tribal factions, and other political forces have destabilized the country since the bloody end of the long dictatorship of Moammar Gadhafi in 2011.
In Italy’s Parliament, the leaders of foreign affairs and defense commissions pushed for the EU and the UN to prepare a naval blockade of Libya’s coast to stop the human trafficking.
Without a military blockade, “the traffickers will continue to operate and make money and the wretched will continue to die,” said Pier Fernando Casini, the Senate foreign affairs commission president.
The pope lent his moral authority to the political calls for action, urging “the international community to act decisively and promptly, to prevent similar tragedies from occurring again.”
Until this Sunday’s tragedy, calls for a naval blockade had mainly risen in Italy from the anti-immigrant Northern League party. That top lawmakers are now joining the chorus reflects rising impatience for decisive European action.
“Europe can do more and Europe must do more,” said Martin Schulz, president of the European Parliament. “It is a shame and a confession of failure how many countries run away from responsibility and how little money we provide for rescue missions.”
The EU’s foreign minister, Federica Mogherini, added migration as a last-minute emergency issue to an EU foreign ministers’ meeting on Monday in Luxembourg.
Europe must mobilize “more ships, more overflights by aircraft,” French President Francois Hollande told French TV Canal +. He said he called Renzi to discuss emergency action.
The prime minister of Spain, another Mediterranean nation, also urged Europe to take swift action.
“Today, and this is the umpteenth time, we hear of yet another human tragedy in the Mediterranean, off the Libyan coast,” Mariano Rajoy told a political rally. “It’s a daily drama. Three days ago it was 400 people. Four days ago they were 10. Words won’t do any more.”
There was no immediate way to determine how many were on board the fishing boat, nor how many might still be rescued, the Coast Guard and other authorities said. The total number of passengers was expected to be clarified as authorities interview survivors.
Given that the sea is as deep as 3 miles (5 kilometers) or more in the area, it is possible that many bodies will never be recovered, as was the case in similar tragedies off the coasts of Libya, Italy, and other Mediterranean nations in recent years.
“There are fears there could be hundreds of dead,” Pope Francis told the faithful in St. Peter’s Square on Sunday. He bowed his head in silent prayer, as did many of the tens of thousands below him.
When asked whether migrants rushed to one side as the Portuguese vessel pulled alongside, Italian Border Police Gen. Antonino Iraso replied: “The dynamics aren’t clear. But this is not the first time that has happened.”
Rescuers reported seeing wreckage in the sea.
“There are large fuel stains, pieces of wood, life jackets,” added Iraso, whose force has boats deployed in the rescue effort, told Sky TG24 TV.
The numbers of migrants attempting the dangerous crossing from Libya in overcrowded or unseaworthy boats swells as the springtime weather improves, providing calmer seas and warmer water.
Even before this latest capsizing, more than 900 are known to have died in failed crossings this year. Last week, 400 people were presumed drowned when another boat capsized.
Since the start of 2014 and through this month, nearly 200,000 other migrants have been rescued at sea in operations conducted or coordinated by Italy and brought to Italian shores.