Who is Marcus Garvey – Take One

Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey

Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jnr was born on 17 August 1887 in St Ann’s Bay, Jamaica. His parents were Marcus Mosiah Garvey Snr, a stone mason and Sarah Jane Richards, a domestic worker. The Garvey’s had 11 children, nine of whom died in early childhood. Only Marcus Garvey and his eldest sister Indiana lived to adulthood.

Marcus Garvey's first wife
Marcus Garvey’s first wife

Marcus Mosiah Garvey’s first wife was Amy Ashwood Garvey (1897-1969).They married in New York in 1919 but divorced in 1922. Amy Ashwood was a very active Pan-Africanist, social worker and activist for women’s rights.

Mrs. Garvey, descended from Dwaben(pronounced: ‘Juaben’) an Asante city-state (GHANA).

The Asante people are commonly known to Jamaicans as the freedom fighters that fought against slavery and oppression. The national heroine Nanny of the Maroons is also an Asante queen. Many Jamaicans even non-maroons can also make accounts of having family of Asante descent.


Amy Jacques Garvey
Amy Jacques Garvey

His 2nd wife was Amy Jacques Garvey (1895-1973). They married in New York in 1922 after his divorce. She was his personal secretary.

Amy Jacques played key organisational roles in the UNIA and was instrumental in teaching people about Marcus Garvey after he died. They had 2 sons Marcus Garvey Jnr and Julius Winston Garvey.

It’s clear that Marcus Garvey had a type! Strong, Socially and Politically aware, Activist women that carries the first name Amy!

Stay tuned for more on The Honourable Marcus Garvey.



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